updown Plugin

Purpose

The updown plugin for libcharon invokes a script when an IKEv2 CHILD SA or an IKEv1 Quick Mode gets established or deleted.

The plugin is enabled by default, but can be disabled with the ./configure option

--disable-updown

Configuration

To invoke the default _updown script with swanctl.conf pass the absolute path to it in

connections.<conn>.children.<child>.updown

and add the iptables argument so that the default behavior is triggered, e.g.

updown = /usr/local/libexec/ipsec/_updown iptables

The default _updown script installs ACCEPT Netfilter rules in the Linux kernel by invoking iptables for the established traffic selectors, allowing default DROP policies. If the local traffic selector is not a single host then the option

connections.<conn>.children.<child>.hostaccess

in swanctl.conf inserts rules in the INPUT and OUTPUT chains, besides the rules in the FORWARD chain, that allow accessing the VPN server itself. Please refer to the _updown script for details.

Alternatively, an arbitrary script can be configured via the updown attribute in swanctl.conf to install custom firewall rules or perform other actions.

Behavior

The plugin allows the invocation of custom commands associated with CHILD SA up and CHILD SA down events. The script is compatible to the _updown script originally used by the pluto IKEv1 daemon.

Updown Script Interface

The following PLUTO environment variables are passed to the _updown script:

Variable Description

PLUTO_VERSION

indicates what version of this interface is being used. This document describes version 1.1 which is upwardly compatible with version 1.0

PLUTO_VERB

specifies the name of the operation to be performed (up-host, up-client, down-host, or down-client). If the address family for security gateway to security gateway communications is IPv6, then a suffix of -v6 is added to the verb

PLUTO_CONNECTION

is the name of the connection for which we are routing

PLUTO_INTERFACE

is the name of the ipsec interface to be used

PLUTO_REQID

is the reqid of the ESP or AH policy

PLUTO_PROTO

is the negotiated IPsec protocol, ah or esp

PLUTO_IPCOMP

is not empty if IPComp was negotiated

PLUTO_UNIQUEID

is the unique identifier of the associated IKE_SA

PLUTO_ME

is the IP address of our host.

PLUTO_MY_ID

is the ID of our host.

PLUTO_MY_CLIENT

is the IP address/netmask in CIDR format of our client subnet. If the client is just the host, this will be the host’s own IP address/max (where max is 32 for IPv4 and 128 for IPv6)

PLUTO_MY_SOURCEIP

is a legacy variable and equals the first virtual IP (either IPv4 or IPv6)

PLUTO_MY_SOURCEIP4_$i

contains a IPv4 virtual IP received from a responder where $i enumerates from 1 to the number of IPs per address family

PLUTO_MY_SOURCEIP6_$i

contains a IPv6 virtual IP received from a responder where $i enumerates from 1 to the number of IPs per address family

PLUTO_MY_PROTOCOL

is the IP protocol that will be transported

PLUTO_MY_PORT

is the UDP/TCP port to which the IPsec SA is restricted on our side. For ICMP/ICMPv6 this contains the message type and PLUTO_PEER_PORT the message code

PLUTO_PEER

is the IP address of our peer

PLUTO_PEER_ID

is the ID of our peer

PLUTO_PEER_CLIENT

is the IP address/netmask in CIDR format of the peer’s client subnet. If the client is just the peer, this will be the peer’s own IP address/max (where max is 32 for IPv4 and 128 for IPv6).

PLUTO_PEER_SOURCEIP

is a legacy variable and equals the first virtual IP (either IPv4 or IPv6)

PLUTO_PEER_SOURCEIP4_$i

contains a IPv4 virtual IP sent to an initiator where $i enumerates from 1 to the number of IPs per address family

PLUTO_PEER_SOURCEIP6_$i

contains a IPv6 virtual IP sent to an initiator where $i enumerates from 1 to the number of IPs per address family

PLUTO_PEER_PROTOCOL

is the IP protocol that will be transported

PLUTO_PEER_PORT

is the UDP/TCP port to which the IPsec SA is restricted on the peer side. For ICMP/ICMPv6 this contains the message code and PLUTO_MY_PORT the message type

PLUTO_XAUTH_ID

is an optional user ID employed by the XAUTH protocol

PLUTO_MARK_IN

is an optional XFRM mark set on the inbound IPsec SA

PLUTO_MARK_OUT

is an optional XFRM mark set on the outbound IPsec SA

PLUTO_IF_ID_IN

is an optional XFRM interface ID set on the inbound IPsec SA

PLUTO_IF_ID_OUT

is an optional XFRM interface ID set on the outbound IPsec SA

PLUTO_UDP_ENC

contains the remote UDP port in the case of ESP_IN_UDP encapsulation

PLUTO_DNS4_$i

contains an IPv4 DNS server attribute received from a responder, $i enumerates from 1 to the number of servers per address family

PLUTO_DNS6_$i

contains an IPv6 DNS server attribute received from a responder, $i enumerates from 1 to the number of servers per address family

Updown Events

The updown plugin invokes the script hook with the following PLUTO_VERB values:

PLUTO_VERB Description

up-host

CHILD SA up event, where the negotiated local traffic selector is a single IPv4 host

up-host-v6

CHILD SA up event, where the negotiated local traffic selector is a single IPv6 host

up-client

CHILD_SA up event, where the negotiated local traffic selector is an IPv4 subnet

up-client-v6

CHILD_SA up event, where the negotiated local traffic selector is an IPv6 subnet

down-host

CHILD_SA down event, counterpart of up-host

down-host-v6

CHILD_SA down event, counterpart of up-host-v6

down-client

CHILD_SA down event, counterpart of up-client

down-client-v6

CHILD_SA down event, counterpart of up-client-v6

Note that while CHILD SA rekeying establishes a new CHILD SA, the hooks do not get invoked.

With IKEv2 a negotiated CHILD SA may contain multiple hosts or subnets in the negotiated traffic selectors. To keep compatibility with the scripts originally designed for IKEv1, the script gets invoked for each traffic selector combination once. This means with multiple traffic selectors, establishing/closing a CHILD SA invokes the script more than once.

Logging

The default updown script additionally logs the CHILD SA event to syslog. This behavior can be disabled by commenting out the VPN_LOGGING option in the script.

Alternatives

The updown script allows the installation of custom `iptables`rules and often it is very simple to implement custom logic. It has, however, some limitations for historical reasons and might not scale with a lot of tunnels.

To accept traffic with default DROP policies, one may alternatively use global, non-tunnel specific rules matching IPsec traffic with the Netfilter policy match.