strongTNC

strongTNC is a Trusted Network Connect (TNC) Policy Manager which allows to define TNC measurement and enforcement policies and visualize the TNC measurement results of the registered endpoints. It is also possible to store Golden Values in the form of SHA2 reference hashes of any single file or all files contained in a Linux software package.

Network Access Control

strongTNC is a web application using the Django framework (currently version 3.2.13) based on Python 3.

Installation

For the following installation and configuration steps we assume an Ubuntu Linux platform but the procedure on other Linux distributions is quite similar.

Install Apache Web Server

An Apache web server equipped with a Web Server Gateway Interface (WSGI) module is installed on Ubuntu by the command

sudo apt install apache2 libapache2-mod-wsgi

Install Python/Django

If not present yet, install the following Ubuntu packages

sudo apt install python3 python3-pip python3-dev libxml2-dev libxslt1-dev

Install strongTNC

The strongTNC project is hosted on GitHub. The latest release can be installed as follows

wget https://github.com/strongswan/strongTNC/archive/master.zip
unzip master.zip
sudo mv strongTNC-master /var/www/tnc
sudo chgrp -R www-data /var/www/tnc
sudo chmod g+sw /var/www/tnc

In the /var/www/tnc directory execute the command

sudo pip3 install -r requirements.txt

which updates the Django version if necessary and installs various Python modules required by strongTNC.

Configuration

Configure strongTNC

Copy config/settings.sample.ini to /etc/strongTNC/settings.ini and adapt the settings to your preferences.

[debug]
DEBUG=0
TEMPLATE_DEBUG=0
DEBUG_TOOLBAR=0

[db]
DJANGO_DB_URL=sqlite:////var/www/tnc/django.db
STRONGTNC_DB_URL = sqlite:////etc/pts/config.db

[localization]
LANGUAGE_CODE=en-us
TIME_ZONE=Europe/Zurich

[admins]
Your Name: jane.doe@example.com
Another Admin: joe.doe@example.com

[security]
SECRET_KEY=strongSwan
ALLOWED_HOST=127.0.0.1,tnc.example.com,tnc

The /var/www/tnc/django.db database where the login passwords are stored, is created with with the following command

sudo python /var/www/tnc/manage.py migrate --database meta

Next set the strongTNC admin-user and readonly-user access passwords to strongSwan in our example

sudo python /var/www/tnc/manage.py setpassword
--> Please enter a new password for admin-user: <admin-user password>
strongSwan
--> Granting write_access permission.
Looking for readonly-user in database...
--> Please enter a new password for readonly-user: <readonly-user password>
strongSwan
Passwords updated succesfully!

In a production environment, instead of strongSwan use a strong SECRET_KEY and strong admin-user and readonly-user passwords to protect the confidentiality and data integrity of your TNC database.

In order to get a correct display of the strongTNC web pages you have to execute the following command

sudo python /var/www/tnc/manage.py collectstatic

Configure strongTNC Virtual Web Server

In the /etc/apache2/sites-available directory create the following configuration file and name it e.g. tnc.conf`

WSGIPythonPath /var/www/tnc

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerName tnc.example.com
    ServerAlias tnc
    ServerAdmin jane.doe@example.com

    DocumentRoot /var/www/tnc

    <Directory /var/www/tnc/config>
        <Files wsgi.py>
            Order deny,allow
            Allow from all
        </Files>
    </Directory>

    WSGIScriptAlias / /var/www/tnc/config/wsgi.py
    WSGIPassAuthorization On
    WSGIApplicationGroup %{GLOBAL}

    ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/tnc/error.log
    LogLevel warn
    CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/tnc/access.log combined
</VirtualHost>

It is strongly recommended to use Let’s Encrypt or some other CA to access the strongTNC website via https.

Initialize PTS Database

I you haven’t done so yet during the strongSwan TNC server installation, initialize the PTS SQLite database and set group www-data write permission both on the database and the /etc/pts directory, so that SQLite can create temporary files in it

sudo mkdir /etc/pts
cd /usr/share/strongswan/templates/database/imv/
sudo cat tables.sql data.sql | sqlite3 /etc/pts/config.db
sudo chgrp www-data /etc/pts /etc/pts/config.db
sudo chmod g+w /etc/pts /etc/pts/config.db

Start strongTNC Virtual Web Server

Now enable the virtual web server in the /etc/apache2/sites-enabled directory and start it

sudo a2ensite tnc
sudo systemctl restart apache2

Login

Open the tnc website in a browser. Select Read/Write access and log in by entering the admin-user access password which is strongSwan in our example.

strongTNC Login

If the login has been successful, the overview screen with menu of all available functions appears

strongTNC Overview

TNC Measurement 1

Let’s have a look at the TNC-enabled certificate-based IKEv2 VPN connection setup where an OS IMC and a Scanner IMC are collecting measurements on the TNC client and are sending the results to the OS IMV and Scanner IMV on the TNC server, respectively.

After the connection attempt has taken place, the strongTNC Devices view shows a new endpoint identified by its Device ID with the unique value a488651e36664792b306cf8be72dd630, abreviated to a488651e36

strongTNC Devices

Clicking on this ID opens a view where a Description (e.g. TNC Client) can be entered and stored by pressing Save.

strongTNC Device

Due to the open TCP port 38953 on the TNC client, the Scanner IMV on the TNC server declares no access

09[IMV] list of tcp ports that are allowed to be open:
09[IMV] tcp port 38953 open: fatal
09[IMV] IMV 2 handled TCPOP workitem 2: no access - violating tcp ports: 38953
        ...
09[TNC] IMV 2 provides recommendation 'no access' and evaluation 'non-compliant minor'

Finally the TNC Server issues the overall recommendation no access which aborts the IKEv2 connection setup

13[TNC] final recommendation is 'no access' and evaluation is 'non-compliant minor'
13[TNC] policy enforced on peer '192.168.0.3' is 'no access'
13[IKE] EAP_PT_EAP method failed
13[TLS] sending TLS close notify

This shows up in the Device report where the most recent assessment is Block.

strongTNC Device Report 1

Clicking on the most recent session shows the Session details, e.g. that the open TCP port 38953 caused the Block result

strongTNC Session 1

Change TNC Policy

Through the Policies function in the main menu, TNC policies can be added, edited or deleted. Select the No Open TCP Ports policy and add the violating port 38359 to the All ports closed except entry field and then press Save

strongTNC TCP Port Policy

TNC Measurement 2

When the VPN connection is started again, the TNC measurements now comply with the TNC policies and both the Scanner IMV

08[IMV] list of tcp ports that are allowed to be open:
08[IMV] 38953 - 38953
08[IMV] tcp port 38953 open: ok
08[IMV] IMV 2 handled TCPOP workitem 4: allow - no violating tcp ports
        ...
08[TNC] IMV 2 provides recommendation 'allow' and evaluation 'compliant'

and subsequently the TNC server issue an allow recommendation

09[TNC] final recommendation is 'allow' and evaluation is 'compliant'
09[TNC] policy enforced on peer '192.168.0.3' is 'allow'
09[TNC] policy enforcement point added group membership 'allow'
09[IKE] EAP_TTLS phase2 authentication of 'client.strongswan.org' with EAP_PT_EAP successful

The Device report now displays an Allow assessment

strongTNC Device Report 2

and the most recent Session details show that there are no TNC policy violations

strongTNC Session 2